The London Borough of Hillingdon is the westernmost borough in Greater London, England. The borough’s population was recorded as 243,006 in the 2001 Census. The borough incorporates the former districts ofRuislip-Northwood, Uxbridge, Hayes and Harlington and Yiewsley and West Drayton in the historic county of Middlesex. Today, Hillingdon is home to Heathrow Airport and Brunel University, and is the second largest of the 32 London boroughs.
Hillingdon Council governs the borough, with its headquarters in the Civic Centre in Uxbridge. For administrative purposes, the borough is split into North and South Hillingdon with more industrial units to the south and residential suburban areas in the north. Much of the residential areas were expanded with the extension of the Metropolitan Railway from Harrow on the Hill to Uxbridge in the early 1900s and the gradual establishment of stops along the line, becoming known as “Metro-land“.
The borough was formed in 1965 from the Municipal Borough of Uxbridge, Hayes and Harlington Urban District, Ruislip-Northwood Urban District and Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District of Middlesex. The councils involved were initially unable to decide upon a name, with Keith Joseph suggesting “Uxbridge” in October 1963, later revised to Hillingdon.
The borough is governed by a democratically elected council, known interchangeably by the full name and as Hillingdon Council. It is split into wards represented by 65 Conservative, Labour and independent councillors. A cabinet and leader are elected annually. The present leader of the council is Councillor Raymond Puddifoot of the Conservative Party. Elections for councillors are held every four years.
The borough includes the areas:
- Colham Green
- Cowley Peachy
- Eastcote Village
- Harefield Grove
- Hayes Town
- Heathrow (hamlet) (historic; demolished 1944)
- Hill End
- Hillingdon Heath
- Newyears Green
- North Hillingdon
- Northwood Hills
- Ruislip Common
- Ruislip Gardens
- Ruislip Manor
- South Harefield
- South Ruislip
- West Drayton
- Wood End Green
- Yeading (also partly in the London Borough of Ealing)
Parks and recreation
The borough maintains over 200 green spaces, totalling around 1,800 acres (730 ha). Since much of the area is within the Metropolitan Green Belt, and as it is one of the least densely populated of all the London boroughs, there are large areas of land properly called open space. They range in size from the Colne Valley corridor to the smallest gardens and playing fields.
Harmondsworth Moor, a park owned by the borough, is administered by British Airways on behalf of the borough. After British Airways planned to create a new headquarters in 1992, the airline agreed to restore a former landfill site to what is now the moor.
The Grand Union Canal passes through parts of the borough, including Uxbridge, Yiewsley and West Drayton. Ruislip Lido was built as a feeder reservoir for the canal, but was eventually disconnected and changed to become a recreational lido. Two Sites of Special Scientific Interest next to the canal, Frays Farm Meadows and Denham Lock Wood, are managed by the London Wildlife Trust.
The borough also operates children’s centres, recreational areas for children of under five years of age and their families. The centres include Barra Hall, Belmore, Cherry Lane, Colham Manor, Cornerstone, Cowley St. Laurence, Harefield, Hillside, McMillan Early Childhood Centre, Nestles Avenue, Oak Farm, Uxbridge College (Hayes Campus).
There are three theatres owned by the borough: the Compass Theatre, Ickenham, the Winston Churchill Hall (part of the Manor Farm site) and the Beck Theatre, Hayes, which is operated on behalf of the borough by HQ Theatres Limited.
The borough is split into two divides, North Hillingdon and South Hillingdon, the latter being home to large industrial units, while North Hillingdon remains predominantly an affluent and leafy part of London, with towns of Ickenham, Ruislip and Northwood boasting high incomes per capita.
British Airways is headquartered in Waterside, Harmondsworth, in Hillingdon. The building officially opened in 1998. Prior to the opening of Waterside, the airline’s head office was the Speedbird House at London Heathrow Airport.
In 2007 Cadbury Schweppes announced it would be moving to Uxbridge from Mayfair to cut costs. The company later split and Cadbury plc moved to its new head office in Cadbury House in the Uxbridge Business Park in June 2008.
British Midland International has an office in Stockley Close, West Drayton, Borough of Hillingdon. In July 1999 Sir Michael Bishop formally opened the British Midland Training Centre, which is located in Stockley Close. Hellenic Imperial Airways has its United Kingdom offices in the Axis House in Harlington in the London Borough of Hillingdon. China Airlines has its UK office in the Hyde Park Hayes 3 (HPH3) in Hayes in the borough.
One of the predecessor organisations of British Airways, British Overseas Airways Corporation had its head office in the Speedbird House.The other predecessor, British European Airways had its headquarters in Ruislip, as did BEA Helicopters. During its existence the airlineBritish Eagle had its head office on the grounds of Heathrow Airport.
The borough maintains several libraries: Charville, Eastcote, Harefield, Harlington, Hayes End, Hayes, Ickenham, Manor Farm, Northwood Hills, Northwood, Oak Farm, Ruislip Manor, South Ruislip, Uxbridge, West Drayton, Yeading, and Yiewsley.
In May 2011, Hillingdon Council received the Library Innovation of the Year award at the 2011 Bookseller Industry Awards.
London Bus routes 81, 90, 105, 111, 114, 140, 195, 203, 207, 222, 282, 285, 331, 350, 395, 398, 423, 427, 482, 490, 607, A10, E6, E7, E9, H11, H13, H26, H98, U1, U2, U3, U4, U5, U7, U9, U10, X26, night routes N9 and N207 and school routes 696, 697 and 698 operate in the borough. The routes 58, 60, 61, 71, 75, 76, 77, 305, 441, 555, 557, 581, 615, 724, 740, A30, A40, R21, W7 and W9 are run by other operators.
- Eastcote tube station
- Hatton Cross tube station
- Hayes and Harlington railway station
- Heathrow Central railway station
- Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 tube station
- Heathrow Terminal 4 railway station
- Heathrow Terminal 4 tube station
- Heathrow Terminal 5 station
- Hillingdon tube station
- Ickenham tube station
- Northwood Hills tube station
- Northwood tube station
- Ruislip Gardens tube station
- Ruislip Manor tube station
- Ruislip tube station
- South Ruislip station
- Uxbridge tube station
- West Ruislip station
- West Drayton railway station
The council announced in June 2011 that it would be lobbying Transport for London to have the Central line extended from West Ruislip station to Uxbridge station. Such a project would require a business case approved by TfL and the completion of signal upgrade work on the Metropolitan line.
The Royal Air Force station, RAF Northolt, is situated in South Ruislip near the A40 and the tube station. Most early RAF airfields were named after the nearest railway station; in this case Northolt Junction, the original name of South Ruislip station. The station has been redeveloped in recent years to house a number of additional military capabilities besides the RAF operations, and is popular with business people and politicians for private flights.
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- ^ a b Cotton 1994, p.133
- ^ “Hillingdon’s coat of arms”. London Borough of Hillingdon. 18 May 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
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- ^ ”Thistle London Heathrow.” Thistle Hotels. Retrieved on 28 December 2011. “Bath Road, Longford West Drayton UB7 0EQ”
- ^ ”bmi’s company rewards.” British Midland International. Retrieved on 28 December 2011. “Stockley Close, West Drayton, Middlesex, UB7 9BL”
- ^ ”the nineties.” British Midland International. Retrieved on 28 December 2011.
- ^ ”Contact Us.” Hellenic Imperial Airways. Retrieved on 10 May 2011. “London / United Kingdom Hellenic Imperial Airways Axis House 242 Bath Road Harlington UB3 5AY”
- ^ ”Europe and Middle East.” China Airlines. Retrieved on August 30, 2011. “The United Kingdom 3rd Floor, West Wing, Hyde Park Hayes 3 (HPH3),11 Millington Road, Hayes, Middlesex, UB3 4AZ”
- ^ a b ”World Airline Directory.” Flight International. 28 September 1967. 530.
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- ^ “Your local library”. London Borough of Hillingdon. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- ^ Kobori, Minato (20 May 2011). “Hillingdon wins best library innovator of the year”. Hillingdon & Uxbridge Times. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- ^ Coombs, Dan (17 June 2011). “‘Extending Central Line to Uxbridge will cut traffic’”. Uxbridge Gazette. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
- ^ “About us”. Royal Air Force. 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- Cotton, Carolynne. (1994) Uxbridge Past. London: Historical Publications ISBN 0948667303
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